Why We Hesitate While Switching From Manual To Automation Testing?
Automation testing is considered a widely used parameter to overcome the manual testing issues and probably trying to rule it out to the max. Performing the transition isn’t a piece of cake and may lead to multiple blockers that may come during this pathway. The few challenges one would face are:
- Too Preoccupied With Upcoming Release Activities: We are too busy writing effective manual test cases, devising test strategy due to back to back planned up releases that we forget to plan a time window for developing automation test scripts.
- The complexity, time and resources: Any new process comes with time and learning new areas and methods. If you are starting automation testing from scratch then areas like training of resources, giving ample time, an expectation of higher efficiency in terms of automation can be less with more time consumption and more monetary impact.
- Test Stability and Scalability: For starting automation from scratch, it is important the AUT be stable so that multiple re-work refrains and there is easy maintenance. If AUT is not stable it can lead to major re-work and lesser efficiency in terms of quality. It’s important to have a scalable automation suite which sometimes becomes redundant and repetitive as regression testing suite increases post every release.
- Automation of processes: Automation is not only about automating the tests but it is also about having an approach and pathway for including reporting, cleaning test data, setting up and tearing down various environments. Turning a blind eye to those may not return the quality and the metrics we were supposed to achieve from this transition.
- Corporate mindset: Organization or senior management can be a difficult key to unlock when it comes in terms of showing the immediate effects of automation on the whole process. Automation acts as a long-term goal and not a short-term one. Pursuing management and promising quicker and sooner benefits of automation can be a tricky key to resolve. Providing a better road plan can act beneficially.
Why Should You Switch From Manual To Automation Testing?
This is one of the important questions your team must know. The decision to implement automation testing from scratch, should be based on the current issues you face while testing your application and not merely because your team or you were fascinated by the word automation. Taking the right decision at the right time is more important for better quality achievement and ROI. The below factors highlight the key areas as to why you need automation.
→ Moving from manual to automation testing can help you with these testing types:
- Regression Testing: An ever-increasing regression suite which needs to be executed post every release to ensure no new or older functionality tampers.
- Complex functionalities: Complex calculative areas which lead to human errors.
- Smoke testing: Running automation suite for major functionalities will help assess the quality of the build. This helps to save time for teams by analyzing whether the build needs in-depth testing or not post the automation suite results.
- Data-driven testing: Functionalities that required to be tested with multiple sets of data.
- Cross-browser testing: This is one of the bigger issues that arise when it comes to supporting application on multiple browsers and versions or if refer to responsive testing for validating the website’s RWD(Responsive Web Design). Running manual tests over and again on multiple browsers takes a lot of effort, time and investment. Automating the application and running those tests on multiple browsers in parallel help making testing quicker, efficient, less monotonous and redundant. Cross browser testing tool such as LambdaTest can help teams ensure their applications are functional and cross browser accessible across the broadest range of browsers, versions and devices.
- Repetitive tests: Tests that are relatively repetitive and unchanged from one test cycle to the other.
- Performance testing: Manual alternatives do not exist and need an intervention of tool support.
A very important key area to kick-start automation testing from scratch is to ensure the application under test(AUT) is stable in all terms. An unstable application with too many frequent changes will lead to a lot of efforts in maintenance, thereby leading to larger investment and lower ROI. Automation testing may seem fascinating to start with but figuring the pain areas that should encourage automation for the organization is important. The project at initial stages may not require automation to focus on and would rely completely on manual testing.
→ Some key areas where manual testing is still prevailing than automation testing:
- Subjective oriented Testing: For an application that should be tested from the usability and UIperspective, manual testing seems a more viable option than automation.
- New and frequent changing functionalities: As mentioned above new and changing functionalities may lead to more efforts in automating and maintaining script and may lead to a waste of time.
- Strategic Development: Few modules or functionalities may need a strategic approach to testing various viable business flows user may opt for. Working them through manual may seem more profitable and provide better coverage than automation.
HOW TO START YOUR AUTOMATION PROCESS?
The very first step to consider while transitioning from manual testing to automation testing would be to define a proper scope for the Automation testing. 100% automation is one of the myths related to automation, so defining the scope of it is a very important element to distinguish what to automate? and how much to automate?
What To Automate?
The answer to this question lies in the following criteria’s:
Based on the frequency of testing: If you have frequent release hitting the market, it’s of more importance to automate your smoke testing as well as regression testing first, as that would help speed up the testing cycles with quicker time to market with lesser manual intervention.
Business and technical priority: This is of importance as based on the business needs and complexity, testers can split functionalities that need automation support first as compared to others. Areas with less business priority can be removed from the automation scope.
What can be automated- This factor depends upon a lot of areas like usability aspect which cannot be automated, other aspects like tool dependency can also limit the areas to be automated. Other aspects like application supporting multiple browsers should be prioritized for automation testing to save time on cross-browser testing.
How To Automate?
One basic fundamental that a team or any organization overlook is not all tests can be automated. Instead of targeting for the unrealistic goal of a 100% automation for your application under test, set a target for the portion of tests that you wish to automate. If you are new to automation testing, you can start by moving just a few percents of your tests from manual to automation. The key goal is to start small. Writing smaller test cases will help you in maintaining and reusing them in future areas of the application you wish to automate. Mapping your test cases with each method or function will help provide better coverage. Also labeling your test cases helps in easier identification, so the team can figure out which ones to automate and which ones do not! This also helps in better reporting. As I said before, do not aim for a 100% automation. Rather, when you starting automation testing from scratch then it would be better to just go by exploring new areas of the application via manual means and creating a risk plan as what needs to be automated and what need not, based on the business priorities. Also, create a list of browsers and devices with the help of web analytics to understand your end-user preferences as you start automation testing from scratch. This helps to ensure you are covering your application from a cross browser compatibility point of view as well.
A clear distinction of what areas should remain manual is as important as deciding what should be automated. Keeping these criteria to decide on the scope of automation helps to evaluate automation on a long run and provide better ROI when the plan to start automation testing from scratch.
Acknowledging The Unreliable Areas For Automation Testing
There are few testing techniques which if done manually, will yield more powerful results as compared to automation or cannot be achieved via automation at all. As I said earlier assuming everything can be automated is a myth and should not be preached. The following testing techniques are encouraged manually than for automation:
- Exploratory testing – In real-world user intent to explore application than following them in the standard streamline workflows which we intend to automate. Exploratory testing cannot be automated as they may tend to follow a hay-way process which can only be achieved via human thought process.
- User experience testing – Automation tools can’t fully capture the emotions, the likelihood of usage, eye soothing experience etc. for the application user tend to use. For example, if you need to experience your user issues or area, they face difficulty in using the application, that can only be achieved when used through a human experience then via a tool
- Accessibility testing – This testing helps to evaluate how accessible your application is for end users. A tool cannot measure the accessibility rate, this can only be achieved through manual testing by analyzing the experience through the workflow or through application usage.
Selecting The Right Automation Tool
Automation testing is highly tool-dependent. Deciding which tool to use for automation testing of your application, depends on multiple factors like:
The domain of your application: Tool selection depends majorly on the domain of your application, whether the application targets a web-based application or a mobile based application. If it is based on the web-UI application one can go for tools like selenium, QTP and if it is a mobile-based application you can go for tools like Appium, Robotium etc.
Open Source or Commercial: This is one factor which is ruled more from an organizational perspective than from just mere choice of an individual when starting automation testing from scratch, as this has budget constraints. Examples of a few open source tools are Selenium, Appium etc and commercial tools like LoadRunner, QTP etc.
Below is an apt quote for this by Bill gates:
The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency.
Author: Sadhvi Singh